established 1942

Attic black-figure white-ground oinochoe ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE WHITE-GROUND OINOCHOE

Dionysos holding kantharos, with maenad, goat between, perhaps by the Painter of Vatican 649.

Ca. 490 BC

H. 9 in. (22.9 cm.)

Ex Swiss private collection; John Kluge collection, Charlottesville, Virginia, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1988; Patricia Kluge collection, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1990-2010.

Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, 1985, no. 72; J. Eisenberg, One Thousand Years of Ancient Greek Vases II, 2010, no. 113; J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, 2011, no. 74.


The shape – type 1, trefoil mouth, torus foot, fillet between foot and body, low rounded handle – is similar to that of the Keyside Class.

The figures are drawn on a white ground within a panel on the front. The lateral frames consist of bands of dicing; the upper frame is a band of tongues. On the front of the neck, also on a white ground, is a band of key pattern. A red stripe circles the neck above the key pattern, and another runs below the figures’ feet and circles the lower body: a third runs around the top edge of the foot.

Dionysos holds a kantharos, as the vine winds its way through the background. The god wears a chiton with a red hem and a red-bordered himation, both with red spots. His beard has a red stripe in it, and some of the leaves in his ivy wreath are touched with red. At his feet stands a goat with a red throat; it looks up at the maenad at right, who wears a chiton and himation like the god’s. The added white of her skin has largely flaked off. The edge of her hair is painted red and that in back is tied up with a red fillet. With her left hand she plucks up her himation, and with her right she gestures towards her breast.

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